Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) is one of the cornerstones of the federal Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) signed into law January 2002, as the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. Adequate yearly progress (AYP) sets a standard for accountability, which measures states, schools and districts by the results of state-level tests in 2 main content areas — math and reading. AYP uses this assessment data to measure the academic performance of all students, including subgroups such as children whose families qualify as low-income. The goal is that all students reach 100% proficiency in math and reading, beginning in 2014. The state must transition from the accountability framework of the flexibility request — which allowed our state to modify certain provisions of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) — to the standard regulations that govern school improvement. Schools and districts must make these changes during the 2014–15 school year.
What happens if AYP is not met?
The law specifies consequences for schools and districts receiving Title I, Part A funds which do not meet the AYP targets for two or more years in a row. While the results of state testing are reported for all schools and districts, the consequences apply only to those schools receiving Title I, Part A funds. After two consecutive years of not meeting AYP targets, a school enters Step 1 and is subject to the related consequences - AYP Sanctions Document. If AYP is met the next year the school or district stays at Step 1, if AYP is not met, it moves to Step 2. If AYP is met for two consecutive years, the school exits school improvement.
For information on the AYP status of each RSD school, please click here.
What is public school choice and how do I know if my child is eligible?
Public school choice is a provision of the No Child Left Behind Act that allows parents to transfer their children out of schools that are identified as in need of improvement into schools that are not identified. School districts are required to provide you with notification that your child’s school has not made adequate yearly progress (AYP) for two consecutive years and is identified for school improvement prior to the beginning of the year following identification. OSPI is also required to publish a list of schools that have not made adequate yearly progress.
Jefferson, Marcus Whitman, Sacajawea, and Tapteal Elementary School students are eligible for public school choice. Students at these four schools received a letter with information regarding transfer options to one of our choice schools:
Lewis & Clark Elementary
Jason Lee Elementary
In the 2010-11 school year, Sacajawea and Jefferson Elementary Schools offered public school choice; zero children opted for this opportunity from Sacajawea and one student chose to transfer from Jefferson.
In the 2011-12 school year Sacajawea and Jefferson Elementary Schools offered public school choice and zero students chose to transfer.
In the 2014-15 school year Marcus Whitman, Tapteal, Sacajawea, and Jefferson Elementary Schools offered public school choice; twelve students chose to transfer from Jefferson, four students transferred from Marcus Whitman, and one student from Tapteal.
For more information on public school choice for Jefferson, Marcus Whitman, Sacajawea, or Tapteal Elementary Schools, please contact Special Programs at 509-967-6061.
What are Supplemental Educational Services? Supplemental Educational Services provide academic enrichment in reading/language arts or math outside the school day – that is, before or after school, on weekends, or during breaks at no cost to families. The SES sessions are high quality, research-based, and specifically designed to increase the academic achievement of eligible students. The companies that provide free SES tutoring services are approved by the Title 1 Department at the Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction. The tutoring companies are not part of the Richland School District. Parents may select any provider on the approved list (see link below). Please be aware that parents must provide transportation to and from the SES provider’s location. If sufficient funds are not available to serve all students who are eligible, the Richland School District must give priority to the lowest-achieving eligible students.
How do I know if my child is eligible for supplemental educational services? If your child qualifies for free or reduced price lunch and attends a Title I school that is designated in Steps 2-5 of improvement, then your child is eligible. Supplemental Educational Services will be offered at Sacajawea Elementary and Jefferson Elementary schools this year.
To sign your child up for Supplemental Education Services, contact the Sacajawea or Jefferson Elementary School office during the enrollment window.
First Enrollment Window: October 2nd – 16th, 2015
Second Enrollment Window: November 2nd – 16th, 2015. This window will open only if there are unfilled slots available after the first window.
Tutoring services will begin the week of January 25th, 2016 and will be completed by March 18th, 2016.
Enrollment forms will be processed at the end of each enrollment window. No student list or provider contracts will be sent out before the end of the open enrollment period.
Q: What does School Improvement mean? A: No Child Left Behind requires the state and district to review annually the academic progress of federally funded Title I, Part A schools and to identify schools in need of improvement. Schools are identified as in need of improvement after two consecutive years of not making adequate yearly progress (AYP). Washington determines AYP by considering the following three measures:
The percentage of students scoring at the “proficient” or “advanced” level on the Washington Standards Tests for English-language arts and mathematics.
The percentage of students participating in those tests.
The graduation rate for high schools/unexcused absence rate for elementary and middle schools.
Q: What is School Improvement Step I? A: Schools in Step 1 have not made AYP for two consecutive years in the same subject. Schools that are also designated as Title 1 schools, must revise the School Improvement Plan and notify parents of the Public School Choice option 14 days before school starts.
Q: What is Public School Choice? A: Public School Choice allows parents or guardians to transfer their students out of low-performing schools into schools that are making AYP.
Q: What are School Improvement Steps 2-5? A: If a Title I school moves into Steps 2-5 of school improvement, the school must: Step 2: Develop/Review the School Improvement Plan; Offer Public School Choice (PSC); provide Supplemental Educational Services (SES) to low income students (e.g. qualify for free/reduced lunch) who are considered low-achieving. Step 3: Corrective Action; continue to offer PSC; continue to offer SES; continue to revise school improvement plan. Step 4: Write Restructuring Plan to implement in the following year; provide technical assistance; continue to offer PSC and SES. Step 5: Implement the restructuring Plan; Continue PSC; Continue SES
Q: What are Supplemental Education Services? A: Supplemental Education Services provide additional academic assistance for low-income students who are attending Title I schools that have not met AYP criteria. The district has the responsibility to: 1. Notify parents about the availability of services at least annually. 2. Help parents choose a provider, if requested. 3. Determine which students should receive services if not all students can be served. 4. Enter into an agreement with the provider selected by the parent. 5. Assist OSPI in identifying potential providers. 6. Work with parents to develop achievement goals for the students 7. Protect the privacy of students who receive SES.